At the request of the Federal Public Service Mobility and Transport, the Federal Planning Bureau has developed a database comprising transport and mobility indicators. This database, which is regularly updated, provides detailed information about the state and evolution of transport and mobility in Belgium. They are structured according to six themes :
Households and transport;
Vehicle population and transport equipment;
Traffic and transport;
The impact of transport activities
The database’s aim goes beyond a simple centralization of transport data, it also documents the collected information. Beside the data, it also provides information on (i) the method applied, (ii) the source, (iii) the definition and (iv) the quality of the data.
Some indicators are the pure reflection of data which are available at one single source. Others are the combination of data taken from different sources. Still others allow for the comparison of different sources.
Methodological changes in the data collection may cause ruptures in time-series. The Federal Planning Bureau has given precedence to methodological coherence over data quantity. Therefore, time-series are limited for some indicators. Nevertheless, the FPB is set out to enlarge and complete specific series.
The macroeconomic indicators trace the evolution of economic activity in the transport sector and of household demand for transport services. This latter aspect comprises three elements: final consumption of transport, household mobility and the question of accessibility (to places and means of transport).
The transport infrastructure indicators show the state and evolution of transport infrastructure in Belgium.
The indicators linked to the population of vehicles and to transport equipment describe the composition of the population as well as its evolution over time.
The indicators for traffic and transport in Belgium make a distinction between road, rail and inland waterway networks on the one hand, and between the transport of people and goods on the other hand.
Finally, the indicators linked to the impact of transport activities comprise statistics for air pollutant emissions, road safety, noise pollution, congestion and the external costs of transport.
The database for mobility and transport indicators is developed in close collaboration with the Federal Public Service Mobility and Transport (www.mobilit.fgov.be).