Transport

Contact

  • http://transport.plan.be

Vehicle stock modelling in long term projections - Survey of the literature [07/08/2017]

Transport models used for long-term projections should reflect the impact of shared, automated and electric mobility modes. The objective of the current paper is to derive lessons from the existing literature on vehicle ownership modelling to find options to further improve the PLANET model, which is used for projections of transport demand in Belgium.

Tax Expenditure and the Cost of Labour Taxation - An application to company car taxation [04/07/2017]

The goal of this paper is to estimate the efficiency cost of one additional euro of revenue through the personal income tax system, considering its simultaneous effects on the labour market and the transport market. More precisely, we seek to derive estimates of the Marginal Excess Burden of marginal personal income tax rates in Belgium considering the subsidization of company cars. We find that taking into account of welfare losses in the transport market adds 5-7 cents to the welfare cost of an additional euro of tax revenue, compared to models that consider only the effects on the labour market.  The cost of raising the top marginal tax rate rises by 28% to 58% depending on the model assumptions. As an aside, we estimate tax expenditure on the transport sector via the personal income tax system to be 1.9 billion euro. We conclude that there is scope for welfare improving by base broadening and rate cutting. The framework is applied to analyse the merits of cash-for-car proposals.

Contact

  • http://transport.plan.be

Modelling tomorrow’s transport efficiently and following-up closely and continuously the results of Belgium’s transport policy rank high among the Belgian government’s priorities. In order to achieve these, it is of the utmost importance to have the fullest possible view of the main aspects of mobility in Belgium, as well as of the place and evolution of transport within our economy.

It is with this aim in mind that the Federal Planning Bureau works on transport matters. Concretely, transport research at the Federal Planning Bureau covers the following topics:

  • mobility and transport indicators;
  • transport satellite accounts;
  • medium- and long-term projections of transport demand in Belgium (the PLANET model and other research projects);
  • reform of the rail transport sector (see theme ‘Belgian and European regulation’).

Contact

  • http://transport.plan.be
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