This database contains the main variables which allow a better understanding of the evolution in labour productivity in Belgium. It constitutes the Belgian part of the European EUKLEMS project and includes the entire economy, divided into 38 industries over the period 1995-2012.

A better understanding of productivity evolution requires a specially adapted statistical tool that allows an industry-based analysis of the fundamental trends of the economy. Therefore, the Federal Planning Bureau is working with other European institutions on a project, financed by the European Union’s sixth framework programme for research, to develop the EUKLEMS database.

The database EUKLEMS contains the variables for analysing the evolution of productivity at the industry-level from 1970, for all European countries, Australia, Japan, Korea and the US. The last release of the database was realised in 2012-2013 in the new classification NACE rev 2. The data cover 34 industries over the period 1970-2011 (2009 or 2010 for some variables/countries) for a limited number of countries: Japan, the United States, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Austria, France and Spain. The available variables concern production (not available in the last update), value added, intermediary consumption (not available in the last update), employment with various categories (gender, age, level of educational attainment), capital with a distinction between capital linked to information and communication technologies (ICT) or not. The growth contributions of both the different production factors and total factor productivity are also available.

Data for available countries can be downloaded free of charge from the EUKLEMS website ( All files are Excel files. These data were constructed according to a methodology which is harmonised on an international level and specified in a manual also downloadable on the website (PDF file).

All series derived from this database must be referred to as: "EU KLEMS Database, 2012 Release,"

The last data for Belgium cover 38 industries in NACE rev 2 over the period 1995-2014 and are only available on the website They are based on the national accounts released in September 2015.

All series derived from this database must be referred to as: "Federal Planning Bureau, EU KLEMS Database, June 2016".

Compared to the previous update, some remarks for the users of this database:

  • The file “Labour input data 2014” is linked to the previous update. Labour data by category of workers (gender, age class and level of educational attainment) for the years 2013 and 2014 are based on the breakdown observed in 2012 (last available year).
  • The distribution of mixed income between “labour” and “capital” parts has been improved, which generates changes in variables CAP and LAB.
  • Some parts of the database are displayed in grey. For these data, extrapolations were realised to estimate the labour composition.

The user interested in the exact sources of the variables can consult the PDF file “EU KLEMS: Sources of the June 2016 Release”.


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