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Publications

Dans un souci de transparence et d’information, le BFP publie régulièrement les méthodes et résultats de ses travaux. Les publications sont organisées en séries, entre autres, les perspectives, les working papers et planning papers. Certains rapports peuvent également être consultés ici, de même que les bulletins du Short Term Update publiés jusqu’en 2015. Une recherche par thématique, type de publication, auteur et année vous est proposée.

Documents (61)

2012

  • Comptes de l'environnement pour la Belgique - Comptes économiques de l'environnement 1990-2008 11/09/2012

    Le règlement européen (UE) n° 691/ 2011 impose à tous les Etats membres d’établir, chaque année à partir de 2013, trois comptes économiques de l’environnement et de les soumettre à Eurostat. Il s’agit des comptes des émissions atmosphériques (AEA), des comptes relatifs aux taxes environnementales (ETEA) et des comptes de flux de matières à l’échelle de l’économie (EW-MFA). Grâce aux projets- pilotes cofinancés par Eurostat, le Bureau fédéral du Plan a acquis, au cours des dix dernières années, une expertise dans la construction et l’analyse des AEA et ETEA. Il a en outre développé des comptes de la consommation d’énergie, qui présentent un lien direct avec les comptes des émissions atmosphériques, ainsi que des comptes de dépenses de protection de l’environnement (EPEA). La présente publication synthétise les résultats de ces quatre comptes de l’environnement. En ce qui concerne les EW-MFA, les résultats ne sont pas encore disponibles.

    Planning & Working Papers - Planning Paper 111  Publication(fr), Publicatie(nl),

  • Short Term Update 01-12 : Special Topic - Decomposition analysis of changes in CO2 emissions by the Belgian industries 16/03/2012

    Headlines Belgian economy

    Since the start of 2012, tensions in money and bond markets have receded somewhat in most euro countries. Together with the recent uptick in most confidence indicators, this is expected to lead to a bottoming out of European GDP. Assuming the sovereign debt crisis does not intensify again, economic activity should gradually pick up in the second half of the year. Nonetheless, on a yearly basis, this implies negative euro area GDP growth of -0.3%, which is a substantial downward revision as compared to our September forecasts (1.2%). This scenario remains highly uncertain, with renewed turmoil in financial markets as the main risk.

    Belgian economic growth amounted to 1.9% in 2011, although economic activity fell slightly during the second semester. In 2012, quarterly growth should remain very modest against the background of a gradual pick-up in the European business cycle and of the austerity measures already taken by the Belgian government. Economic activity ought to stabilize in 2012Q1, followed by a slight export-led upturn (up to qoq growth of 0.2% in 2012Q4). Economic growth should remain limited to 0.1% on a yearly basis.

    Due to the lack of dynamism in the business cycle, job creation has stagnated since mid-2011 and should only slightly recover in the course of this year, leading to an average annual increase of 6 400 units in 2012. As a result, the harmonised unemployment rate (Eurostat definition) should rise from 7.2% in 2011 to 7.5% in 2012.

    Our most recent inflation forecasts were finalised at the end of February. Belgian inflation, as measured by the yoy growth rate of the national consumer price index, should amount to 3.0% on average this year. This upward revision (compared to our 2.7% forecast at the end of January) is largely due to price increases for energy products as a result of higher oil prices.

    STU 1-12 was finalised on 16 March 2012.

    Short Term Update - Short Term Update 01-12  Publication(en),

2009

  • Qualitative Employment Multipliers for the Belgian Environmental Industry 14/12/2009

    Ce papier estime l’emploi cumulé (direct et indirect) généré par l’industrie environnementale belge. L’industrie environnementale a été analysée sur base des tables belges input-output pour l’année 2000 et de données détaillées d’emploi (matrice SAM). Pour ce faire, une distinction des travailleurs a été réalisée par leur caractère sexuel et leur niveau de formation ou une combinaison de ces deux caractéristiques. L’analyse de multiplicateur emploi fournit des différences intéressantes entre l’emploi dans l’industrie environnementale et l’emploi total de l’économie tant au niveau du caractère sexuel que du niveau de formation des individus.

    Planning & Working Papers - Working Paper 13-09  Publication(en),

  • The Belgian environment industry (1995-2005) 06/10/2009

    Recent years have seen a growing interest in the economic potential of environmental protection activities. The protection of the environment necessitates the development, production and marketing of a host of environmentally friendly products and production processes, the development of the skills needed to use them, environmental legislation, an administration to keep track of these developments, etc. All these activities are provided for by the environment industry. This study investigates the development of the environment industry in Belgium between 1995 and 2005.

    Articles - Article 2009100603  

  • The Belgian environment industry (1995-2005) 20/06/2009

    Cette étude présente un aperçu de l'évolution de la taille, de la composition et de l'importance économique de l'industrie de l'environnement en Belgique entre 1995 et 2005. Elle indique quelles branches industrielles sont concernées et quels domaines de l'environnement sont les plus importants pour notre industrie.

    Planning & Working Papers - Working Paper 07-09  Publication(en),

2008

  • Quantifying environmental leakage for Belgium 30/10/2008

    Pour contribuer à résoudre divers problèmes environnementaux d’envergure mondiale des objectifs de réduction d’émissions territoriales ont été fixés. Les objectifs de réduction d’émissions de gaz à effet de serre définis dans le cadre du Protocole de Kyoto en sont un exemple bien connu. Au niveau des entreprises, cela implique que les émissions sont liées à la production. Une telle approche peut amener certaines entreprises à estimer que le coût de ces réductions est trop élevé et à délocaliser partiellement ou complètement leur production polluante vers des pays où les exigences environnementales sont moins strictes. Ce phénomène de ‘fuite environnementale’ préoccupe de plus en plus la Communauté internationale.

    Planning & Working Papers - Working Paper 19-08  Publication(en),

2006

  • STU 02-06 : Special Topic - Decomposition analysis of changes in CO2 emissions by the Belgian industries 19/05/2006

    HEADLINES BELGIAN ECONOMY - MAY 2006

    The medium-term outlook for Belgium points towards an average GDP growth rate of 2.2% during the 2006-2011 period, which is slightly higher than potential (2.0%). This pace of growth should follow a slowdown in economic growth in 2005 (1.5%) and a rebound in 2006 (2.4%). Economic growth in Belgium should remain slightly higher than in the euro area, on average.

    Despite moderate wage increases, the average yearly growth rate for private consumption should reach 1.8% during the 2006-2011 period, in particular because of the increase in household disposable income (stimulated especially by reductions in personal income tax and increases in employment and social benefits). Investment growth should reach 2.5% during the 2006-2011 period, mainly reflecting the path of business investment growth, but also an acceleration in public investment at the end of the projection period. Growth in exports should be 5.4% on average and the contribution of net exports to GDP growth is expected to be 0.3%-points. The external surplus, which was strongly reduced between 2002 and 2005, should increase again after 2007 and attain 3.2% of GDP in 2011 (partly as a result of the improvement of the terms of trade). Limited increases in wage costs, the decline in oil prices after 2007 and a negative output gap until the end of the projection period, should allow the inflation rate to remain below 2% in the medium term.

    The expected evolution of employment reflects a favourable macroeconomic context, a limited increase in wage costs and various policy measures. After the net creation of approximately 39,000 and 41,000 jobs in 2005 and 2006 respectively, about 35,000 jobs should be created every year during the 2007-2011 period. Between 2005 and 2011, industrial employment should fall by 30,000 persons, but the number of jobs created in market services should exceed 250,000. Nevertheless, in view of the strong increase in the labour force (mainly in the 50-64 age class) the fall in unemployment will be limited to 38,000 persons. The unemployment rate (broad administrative statistics) should fall from 14.3% in 2005 to 13.1% in 2011.

    Under the assumption of constant policy, public accounts are expected to deteriorate markedly, with a net public financing requirement of 0.3% of GDP appearing in 2006, widening to 1.2% in 2007, before gradually falling to 0.3% by the end of the projection period. Nevertheless, the total public debt to GDP ratio is still expected to decline from 93.9% in 2005 to 78.0% in 2011.

    Short Term Update - Short Term Update 02-06  Publication(en),

2005

2003

  • Les comptes environnementaux en Belgique 20/09/2003

    Cette étude a pour objet d’analyser, d’une part, les dépenses liées à la protection de l’environnement, d’autre part, la pollution de l’air et de l’eau en Belgique dans le cadre des comptes environnementaux. Ceux-ci permettent de relier données environnementales et économiques, ce qui en fait un instrument de travail de choix pour la politique de développement durable.

    Planning & Working Papers - Planning Paper 93  Publication(fr), Publicatie(nl),

2002

  • STU 02-02 : Special Topic - Sectoral air pollution and eco-efficiency in Belgium 12/06/2002

    During recent months it has become clear that the turning point in the business cycle has been passed both in the US and in the euro area. Attention has shifted since then to the question of how strong the recovery will be and what will be the forces driving it. A substantial improvement in the labour market situation is now the missing link to ensure a seamless transition from a more technical inventories-led upturn to a broader demand-led recovery and to avoid the risk of a double dip scenario, both in the US and in the euro area. As the labour market situation reacts to economic activity with a certain time lag, it is crucial that the business cycle upturn should remain sufficiently strong to persuade entrepreneurs to increase their staff.

    According to the FPB’s leading indicator, the Belgian GDP cycle should only begin to climb in the second half of 2002. As a result, GDP should record an average annual increase this year which is almost identical to last year, i.e. 1.0%. Its composition and dynamics should, however, be quite different. The economic upturn should only have a positive impact on employment by the end of the year. The full positive impact of the economic recovery will become visible in 2003, with an expected GDP growth rate of 3.0%. In April 2002, national consumer price inflation fell below 2% (yoy) and it should stay below that level on average in 2002 and 2003.

    Short Term Update - Short Term Update 02-02  Publication(en),

  • Comptes nationaux environnementaux - Outil d’une politique de développement durable 23/04/2002

    Ce planning paper constitue une synthèse des travaux effectués en matière de comptabilité nationale environnementale au Bureau fédéral du Plan. Il a pu être rédigé grâce au co-financement des Services fédéraux des affaires scientifiques, techniques et culturelles dans le cadre de son Plan d’appui scientifique à une politique de développement durable.

    Planning & Working Papers - Planning Paper 90  Publication(fr), Publicatie(nl),

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