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The FPB’s studies cover 11 main themes: Energy, Environmental economic accounts and analyses, International economy, Labour market, Macroeconomic forecasts and analyses, Public finances, Sectoral accounts and analyses, Social protection, demography and prospective studies, Structural studies, Sustainable development, Transport.

Sustainable Development

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  • http://sustdev.plan.be

What matters to Belgians ? Analysis of the determinants of individual well-being in Belgium [02/06/2017]

This Working Paper analyses the determinants of individual well-being in Belgium, using data from the EU-SILC survey. The analysis shows that on average health, both mental and physical, is the key determinant of well-being for Belgians. Enjoying sufficient income to access what is regarded as the prevailing standard of living in Belgium, having a job and being surrounded by loved ones also have a significant and positive impact on well-being. Besides these results for “average” Belgians, the analysis of different sub-groups highlights that these determinants are not of equal importance to all Belgians. These results contribute to the FPB’s work on the search for indicators complementary to GDP.

The well-being of Belgians: income is just part of the picture [02/06/2017]

Health is the main determinant of the well-being of Belgians. Income matters but to a lesser extent. Having a job and being surrounded by loved ones also have an impact on well-being. These results apply to an “average” Belgian. The analysis of different sub-groups shows that these determinants are not of equal importance to all Belgians.

The population at risk of poverty or social exclusion in Belgium - Projection until 2030 [28/11/2016]

This Working Paper presents, on the basis of information available until July 2016, a projection at unchanged policy until 2030 of the population at risk of poverty or social exclusion in Belgium, as defined in the framework of the Europe 2020 Strategy. This population should amount to 2.232 million people in 2018, or 418 000 more than the Europe 2020 target. By 2030, its share should shrink to 16.1%, still 5.6 percentage points higher than the goal resulting from the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

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The Task Force on Sustainable Development (TFSD) of the Federal Planning Bureau (FPB) acts since 1998 under the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy, of which it is one of the actors. Its missions include reporting on the evaluation of sustainable development policies and proposing long-term foresight scenarios.

A development is sustainable if it enables the needs of the current generation to be met equitably without compromising the satisfaction of the needs of future generations.

A sustainable development that addresses social, environmental and institutional problems on a systemic basis is guided by the following five cross-cutting principles:

  • all countries' responsibility for the state of the planet, and especially of the rich ones;
  • double equity, both among today’s generation and between the present and future generations;
  • integration of the economic, social and environmental components of development;
  • precautions against the risk of serious or irreversible damage and the need for preventive measures;
  • public participation in the decision-making process by making information available to the public.

These five principles were adopted in 1992 by the international community at the Rio Conference and the sustainable development concept is best known mainly thanks to three world conferences organised by the United Nations :

  • The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro, 1992);
  • The UN World Summit on Sustainable Development;
  • The UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio de Janeiro, 2012 = Rio +20).

The overarching goals of a sustainable development that were adopted in 1992/2002 and confirmed in 2012 (Rio +20) are :

  • Eradicating poverty;
  • Changing unsustainable production and consumption patterns into sustainable ones;
  • Protecting and managing the natural resources on which economic and social development is based.

To contribute to the follow-up of the commitments made in this framework, the FPB regularly publishes the Federal report on sustainable development in accordance with the Law of 5 May 1997 regarding the coordination of the federal policy on sustainable development. The law also introduced the Federal plan for sustainable development.

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