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The Federal Planning Bureau (FPB) is a public agency. The FPB makes studies and projections on economic, social and environmental policy issues and on their integration within the context of sustainable development. For that purpose, the FPB collects and analyses data, explores plausible evolutions, identifies alternatives, evaluates the impact of policy measures and formulates proposals. Government, parliament, social partners and national and international institutions appeal to the FPB's scientific expertise. The FPB provides a large diffusion of its activities. The public is informed of the results of its research activities, which contributes to the democratic debate.

News

  • Consumer Price Index & Inflation forecasts (20/03/2017)

    Monthly evolution of the consumer price index and of the so-called health index, which is used for the price indexation of wages, social benefits and house-rent.

  • La Belgique vieillit et peut tabler sur 13 millions d’habitants et 5,8 millions de ménages en 2060 (07/03/2017)

    Derrière ces tendances globales se cachent des évolutions régionales différentes : la population bruxelloise s’accroît deux fois plus vite, et vieillit moins rapidement que celles de la Flandre et de la Wallonie. La publication présente également les résultats de la projection démographique au niveau des arrondissements.

  • The growth of the Belgian economy should slightly pick up to 1.4 % in 2017  (09/02/2017)

    Compared to the forecasts of last September, the growth of the European economy for 2017 is revised slightly upwards. Against this backdrop, Belgian GDP growth for 2017 is raised from 1.2 % to 1.4 %. Moreover, Belgian growth in 2016 and 2017 seems to be more labour intensive than expected. Higher oil prices would push inflation just above 2% in 2017.

  • Bonne qualité de vie en moyenne, mais situation dégradée pour les plus défavorisés (07/02/2017)

    En Belgique, le PIB par habitant a dépassé son niveau d'avant la crise de 2008. La qualité de vie est bonne en moyenne: l'espérance de vie augmente, les écarts entre les femmes et les hommes se réduisent, la production de déchets municipaux diminue, etc. Mais ces valeurs moyennes cachent des évolutions préoccupantes pour les plus défavorisés : par exemple, l'augmentation du surendettement et du nombre de personnes bénéficiant du revenu d'intégration sociale. Ces constats ressortent de l'examen de 67 indicateurs qui complètent le PIB en mesurant l'évolution de la Belgique dans les domaines sociaux, environnementaux et économiques. Toutes les informations sont disponibles sur le site www.indicators.be.

  • Public Investment in Belgium (27/01/2017)

    Belgian government investment, and specifically the part spent on infrastructure, is relatively low both in historical terms and compared to neighbouring countries. A simulation with the European Commission’s Quest III model suggests that increasing government investment permanently by 0.5% of GDP leads to a growth in GDP, private consumption and private investment. The impact of alternative financing mechanisms is compared.

  • Projection jusqu’en 2030 de la population exposée à un risque de pauvreté ou d’exclusion sociale en Belgique (28/11/2016)

    Le Bureau fédéral du Plan publie aujourd’hui pour la première fois une projection, à politique inchangée, de la population exposée à un risque de pauvreté ou d’exclusion sociale en Belgique à l’horizon 2030. Cette projection est une première en Belgique. Elle vise à contribuer au processus de monitoring des objectifs de réduction de la pauvreté que la Belgique s’est engagée à atteindre. Les résultats de la projection élaborée sur la base des informations disponibles jusqu’en juillet 2016 montrent que la baisse constatée n’est pas suffisante pour atteindre les objectifs fixés.

  • Comité d’Etude sur le Vieillissement - Rapport annuel (13/07/2016)

    Le Comité d’étude sur le vieillissement (CEV) a été créé dans le cadre de la loi du 5 septembre 2001 portant garantie d’une réduction continue de la dette publique et création d’un Fonds de vieillissement. Le rapport annuel du CEV étudie les conséquences budgétaires ainsi que la soutenabilité sociale du vieillissement à long terme.

  • Perspectives économiques régionales 2016-2021 (08/07/2016)

    Le Bureau fédéral du Plan (BFP), l’Institut Bruxellois de Statistique et d’Analyse (IBSA), le Studiedienst van de Vlaamse Regering (SVR) et l'Institut wallon de l’évaluation, de la prospective et de la statistique (IWEPS) présentent, ce 8 juillet 2016, les résultats des nouvelles perspectives économiques régionales 2016-2021.

  • Progress towards de UN Sustainable development goals, Assessment 2016 (29/06/2016)

    The Federal Planning Bureau publishes today the 2016 Assessment of its sustainable development indicators. Based on a preliminary set of 31 indicators, it provides a first monitoring of the implementation of the 17 Sustainable development goals (SDG) adopted by the UN in September 2015. This assessment shows that in many areas, further efforts are needed to achieve the objectives of sustainable development by 2030.

Quick access

Consumer price index & Inflation forecasts

Monthly evolution of the consumer price index and of the so-called health index, which is used for the price indexation of wages, social benefits and house-rent. (Last update : 20/03/2017)

Indicators

To evaluate the current state of the Belgian economy, the FPB regularly updates a series of indicators. The indicators concern the macro-economic stance of the economies of Belgium, its three neighbouring countries and the euro area, as well as the transport industry.(Last update : 17/03/2017)

  • Cost-benefit analysis of a selection of policy scenarios on an adequate future Belgian power system - Economic insights on different capacity portfolio and import scenarios (23/02/2017)

    In this report, different capacity portfolio and import scenarios for Belgium are investigated. They are based on the reports published by the Belgian transmission system operator Elia in 2016. Four scenarios are scrutinized differing in their overall context (level of carbon price) and/or in the choice of the content of their structural block. A fifth scenario is added which constitutes a sensitivity analysis: in this scenario, a considerable amount of new natural gas-fired power plants on top of the structural block is built on the Belgian territory in order to study the impact of a fairly lower level of (net) imports and even explore the net export option. The five scenarios are compared in order to assess potential longterm strategic choices from a societal perspective.

  • The population at risk of poverty or social exclusion in Belgium - Projection until 2030 (28/11/2016)

    This Working Paper presents, on the basis of information available until July 2016, a projection at unchanged policy until 2030 of the population at risk of poverty or social exclusion in Belgium, as defined in the framework of the Europe 2020 Strategy. This population should amount to 2.232 million people in 2018, or 418 000 more than the Europe 2020 target. By 2030, its share should shrink to 16.1%, still 5.6 percentage points higher than the goal resulting from the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

  • Social and environmental goals in a transition towards a low-carbon society – Working document in the framework of the SUSPENS research project (16/11/2016)

    This paper constitutes the contribution of the Federal Planning Bureau to the round table discussion with the Interdepartemental Commission for Sustainable Development of 11/2/2016 as part of task 1.3 of the SUSPENS research project. This paper gives a brief description of the climate and social policy in Belgium. The focus is on the policy goals to which Belgium has committed itself and on how far these have been achieved. The analysis shows that Belgium will have to make considerable efforts to achieve these goals and that cross-border cooperation will be necessary to realise the transition towards a low-carbon society.

  • Drivers of wholesale electricity prices in a small, open economy - Some evidence from the nuclear restart in Belgium (09/11/2016)

    In this paper, the impact of a nuclear downtime and subsequent restart on wholesale electricity prices on the Belgian power exchange is investigated by means of a dual methodology. First, publicly available market data is used to construct a stable statistical model that is deployed to examine the effect of nuclear power generation variations on market price outcomes. Next to this empirical evidence, the optimisation tool Crystal Super Grid is used to assess the impact of the resumed availability of the nuclear reactors on several indicators characterising the Belgian and European power landscape.

  • Commuting subsidies in Belgium - Implementation in the PLANET model (28/10/2016)

    This paper seeks to quantify the size and traffic effects of commuting subsidies in Belgium. To this end we implement the most recently available data on both the personal income tax treatment of commuting reimbursement and subsidies to rail commuters in the PLANET model. We find that subsidy rates by tend to differ strongly by mode and by type of reimbursement. Commuting by own car is generally subsidized at low levels, if it enjoys any subsidy at all. Commuting by company car, bike and public transport enjoy relatively high levels of subsidization. Policy simulations show the importance of commuting subsidies in steering the modal split. Both the exemptions for commuting reimbursements as well as subsidies for rail commuters moderately steer traffic away from private transport, while also lengthening the average commute.

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