The last five databases
To promote transparency and provide information, the Federal Planning Bureau regularly publishes the methods and results of its works. The publications are organised in different series, such as Outlooks, Working Papers and Planning Papers. Some reports can be consulted here, along with the Short Term Update newsletters that were published until 2015. You can search our publications by theme, publication type, author and year.
The HTML version of the article above usually does not contain all information held in the PDF version. For a full version (including charts and tables), please download the PDF version available in the box 'PDF & download' on the top right side.
This article presents estimates of mark-ups in different industries within the Belgian market sector over the periods 1997-2008 and 2009-2020. The mark-up allows to evaluate the intensity of competition in a sector. Our results show that, on average, competition is weaker in services than in manufacturing. Within manufacturing, there is little variation across sectors and over time. Within services, mark-up variations are more pronounced.
Structural studies > Productivity and long-term growth
Structural studies > Belgian and European Regulation
Industrial Organization > Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance > Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms [L11]
Industrial Organization > Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior > Firm Organization and Market Structure: Markets vs. Hierarchies; Vertical Integration [L22]
Industrial Organization > Industry Studies: Manufacturing > General [L60]
Industrial Organization > Industry Studies: Services > General [L80]