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To promote transparency and provide information, the Federal Planning Bureau regularly publishes the methods and results of its works. The publications are organised in different series, such as Outlooks, Working Papers and Planning Papers. Some reports can be consulted here, along with the Short Term Update newsletters that were published until 2015. You can search our publications by theme, publication type, author and year.
Offshoring is generally believed to be productivity-enhancing and this belief is underpinned by economic theory. This article contributes to the growing literature that tests empirically whether offshoring does indeed help to improve productivity. Estimating the impact of materials and business services offshoring on productivity growth with industry-level data for Belgium over the period 1995-2004, we investigate this issue separately for manufacturing and market services. The results show that there is no productivity effect of materials offshoring, while business services offshoring leads to productivity gains especially in manufacturing. In addition, we look at the possibility of rent spillovers from offshoring. Productivity gains from offshoring in one industry may feed through to other industries that purchase its output for intermediate use if, due to offshoring, the user value exceeds the price of the output. The lack of evidence of such rent spillovers from either materials or business services offshoring in the data leads us to conclude that firms manage to internalise all efficiency gains from offshoring.
The Working Paper presents a study or analysis conducted by the Federal Planning Bureau on its own initiative.
Structural studies > Productivity and long-term growth
Structural studies > Globalisation, international trade and offshoring
Sectoral accounts and analyses > Analyses and applications
International Economics > Trade > Country and Industry Studies of Trade [F14]
International Economics > Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance > Economic Growth of Open Economies [F43]
Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > Technological Change > Technological Change: Choices and Consequences [O33]
Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity > Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity [O47]