The FPB’s studies cover 11 main themes: Energy, Environmental economic accounts and analyses, International economy, Labour market, Macroeconomic forecasts and analyses, Public finances, Sectoral accounts and analyses, Social protection, demography and prospective studies, Structural studies, Sustainable development, Transport.
A policy mix of “stick” measures (generalised distance based road charge) and “carrot” measures (supporting carpooling) could induce an increase in the occupation rate of cars in Belgium from 1.44 to 1.50. This relatively modest increase can be explained by the relatively small share of trips for which an increase in the occupation rate is a realistic option, and by the inconveniences linked to the organisation of carpooling. Nevertheless, this policy mix can induce a notable improvement in the traffic situation during the peak periods in the regions that currently suffer the most from congestion.
In order to supplement, deepen and increase the value of the research carried out by the FPB in the field of transport outlooks for Belgium, the FPB is taking part in other projects alone or in collaboration with universities or other research institutes.
In 2014 the Federal Planning Bureau has conducted a feasibility study on a regional model for a prospective diagnosis of the transport demand in Wallonia at the request of the Direction Générale Opérationnelle de la Mobilité et des Voies hydrauliques (DGO2). This study is organized around three main tasks:
PROLIBIC is a cluster of four transport research projects (PROMOCO, LIMOBEL, BIOSES and CLEVER) that is financed by the Belgian Science Policy Office as part of the research programme “Science for Sustainable Development – SSD – Transport and Mobility”. The other research partners are the Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch Onderzoek (VITO) (www.vito.be) and the MOSI-Transport en Logistiek Department of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) (www.vub.ac.be/MOSI/).
The main objectives of the project are:
The project was finalised in September 2012. The final report is available on the website of the Belgian Science Policy Office: see website
LIMOBEL (Long-run Impacts of policy packages on MObility in BELgium) is a project financed by the Belgian Science Policy Office and carried out under the research programme “Science for Sustainable Development – SSD – Transport and Mobility”. The other research partners are the Transport & Mobility Group of the Catholic university of Mons (www.fucam.ac.be/gtm) and the Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch Onderzoek (VITO) (www.vito.be).
The LIMOBEL project aims to develop a framework to:
LIMOBEL covers three interconnected areas: transport and mobility, energy and environmental issues. Transport offers many advantages but also causes inconveniences such as congestion, accidents and environmental costs. Public intervention is required to address these nuisances and thus make the transport system more sustainable.
LIMOBEL uses two approaches to investigate these issues. The first only covers the transport branch and is thus of the partial equilibrium type. It is dynamic and long-term oriented (up to 2030). In it, three existing models were refined and connected to each other (PLANET, NODUS and E-MOTION). The second approach is of the general equilibrium type, based on interactions between the transport sector and the rest of the economy. In this approach, an applied general equilibrium model for Belgium and its three Regions is used.
The project was finalised in January 2011. The final report is available on the website of the Belgian Science Policy Office (see website).
The MOBIDIC Project, or ‘Demography, Geography and Mobility: Long-Term Outlooks and Policies for a Sustainable Development’, is a study financed by the Belgian Science Policy Office within the framework of the research programme ‘Sustainable Modes of Production and Consumption – PADD II’. The other partners of the project are GéDAP (Groupe d’étude de démographie appliquée) for the UCL (Université catholique de Louvain), and GRT (Groupe de Recherche sur les Transports, www.grt.be) for the University of Namur.
The objective of the project is threefold:
The project was finalised in April 2006. The final report is available on the website of the Belgian Science Policy Office (www.belspo.be).