The FPB’s studies cover 11 main themes: Energy, Environmental economic accounts and analyses, International economy, Labour market, Macroeconomic forecasts and analyses, Public finances, Sectoral accounts and analyses, Social protection, demography and prospective studies, Structural studies, Sustainable development, Transport.
While automated car driving may bring important benefits in terms of traffic safety, we should not be blind to other effects: full automation is likely to lead to increases in car traffic, mostly for transport that is not related to commuting. This is likely lead to further reductions in road speed in the areas that already suffer the most from the congestion.
A policy mix of “stick” measures (generalised distance based road charge) and “carrot” measures (supporting carpooling) could induce an increase in the occupation rate of cars in Belgium from 1.44 to 1.50. This relatively modest increase can be explained by the relatively small share of trips for which an increase in the occupation rate is a realistic option, and by the inconveniences linked to the organisation of carpooling. Nevertheless, this policy mix can induce a notable improvement in the traffic situation during the peak periods in the regions that currently suffer the most from congestion.
Modelling tomorrow’s transport efficiently and following-up closely and continuously the results of Belgium’s transport policy rank high among the Belgian government’s priorities. In order to achieve these, it is of the utmost importance to have the fullest possible view of the main aspects of mobility in Belgium, as well as of the place and evolution of transport within our economy.
It is with this aim in mind that the Federal Planning Bureau works on transport matters. Concretely, transport research at the Federal Planning Bureau covers the following topics: