Les mesures qui permettent d’acquérir une première expérience professionnelle accélèrent-elles les sorties du chômage vers l’emploi ? Une analyse de trois dispositifs en Région bruxelloise
Versnellen de maatregelen die een eerste werkervaring mogelijk maken de uitstroom van werkloosheid naar werk? Een analyse van drie maatregelen in het Brussels Gewest 08/07/2019
Comprendre le non-recours aux mesures de réductions de cotisations patronales : une approche méthodologique mixte
De non-take-up van werkgeversbijdrage-verminderingen begrijpen: een gemengde methodologische benadering 22/06/2018
This study seeks to identify the reasons for non-take-up by employers. It uses a mixed methods research: we have first explored the issue through in-depth interviews with key stakeholders, then carried out a quantitative survey among employers and finally sought to enhance the survey results through interviews and focus groups. The interpretation of this phased approach has provided elements for making recommendations to reduce non-take-up.
Non-take-up of employers' social security contributions cuts: the case of the “first recruitments” measure 30/04/2018
The ‘first recruitments’ measure aims at supporting job creation in new and small firms through a reduction in employers' social security contributions. However, part of the eligible employers does not claim this reduction. Using administrative data from the National Social Security Office, we seek to quantify this phenomenon, which may bias the intended effect of the measure, and to identify profiles of non-take-up.
Perspectives économiques 2018-2023 - Version de mars 2018
Economische vooruitzichten 2018-2023 - Versie van maart 2018 22/03/2018
This report constitutes a contribution to the preparation of the new Stability Programme and the new National Reform Programme. It includes the main results of the preliminary version of the “2018-2023 Economic Outlook” to be published in June 2018.
Between April 2013 and January 2015, youth sub-minimum wage rates were repealed in Belgium. We identify the impact of the reform by comparing outcomes before and after the withdrawal, across eligible and ineligible categories of young workers, and across abolishing and not abolishing joint committees. Our results show that the reform had a small positive impact on wages and on retention rates and a comparable but negative impact on accession rates.
Working Paper 04-18 (en),
Modelling unobserved heterogeneity in distribution - Finite mixtures of the Johnson family of distributions 31/08/2017
This paper proposes a new model to account for unobserved heterogeneity in empirical modelling. The model extends the well-known Finite Mixture (or Latent Class) Model by using the Johnson family of distributions for the component densities. Due to the great variety of distributional shapes that can be assumed by the Johnson family, the method does not impose the usual a priori assumptions regarding the type of densities that are mixed.
Working Paper 14-17 (en),
Economische vooruitzichten 2017-2022 - Versie van maart 2017
Perspectives économiques 2017-2022 - Version de mars 2017 27/03/2017
This report is an input to the preparation of the new Stability Programme and of the new National Reform Programme (NRP). It presents the assumptions and the main results of the preliminary version of the “Economic Outlook 2017-2022”. The final version of the outlook will be published in June 2017.
Young Firms and Industry Dynamics in Belgium 24/06/2016
Recent studies reveal the importance of entrants and young firms for job creation, productivity and economic growth. Some scholars argue that the falling rate at which new firms are established, can explain, to a certain extent, the productivity slowdown witnessed in most OECD countries. Belgium appears to stand out unfavourably from other countries in its very low start-up rate. This paper reviews the empirical cross-country evidence, provides some additional analysis of the role of young firms in industry-level employment and productivity dynamics in Belgium and concludes with a discussion of the implications for economic policy.
Working Paper 06-16 (en),
Budget économique - Prévisions économiques 2016-2017 (Juin)
Economische begroting - Economische vooruitzichten 2016-2017 (Juni) 09/06/2016
Economic outlook 2016-2017 (June)
The relationship between unemployment duration and education - The case of school leavers in Belgium 23/12/2015
In this study, we investigate the exit rates from unemployment associated with different levels of education in Belgium during two periods characterised respectively by high (2002-2007) and low economic growth (2009-2014). Our estimated exit probabilities confirm that the chances of leaving unemployment are substantially higher for young unemployed who have followed post-secondary education. Moreover, the probabilities of leaving unemployment for low- and medium-skilled school leavers considerably deteriorated between the two periods. On the one hand, the penalty associated with lower education slightly increased while, on the other hand, the advantage associated with postgraduate tertiary education reinforced itself. Finally, our results show considerable heterogeneity according to region of residence and gender.
Working Paper 10-15 (en),