The last five databases
To promote transparency and provide information, the Federal Planning Bureau regularly publishes the methods and results of its works. The publications are organised in different series, such as Outlooks, Working Papers and Planning Papers. Some reports can be consulted here, along with the Short Term Update newsletters that were published until 2015. You can search our publications by theme, publication type, author and year.
The idea of a top wealth tax has regained interest in Belgium, as opposed to the international trend in the last decades. While twelve OECD countries implemented it in 1990, only three still do since 2018. Such a tax raises questions. For the account of the Federal Planning Bureau, the ULB studied a top wealth tax to define its scope and understand the stakes at play.
Other publications - STUD_202301 (fr), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - Economic outlook 2024 (Sept.) (fr), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - FOR_HermReg_2023_12857 (fr), (nl),
This report presents the results of the June version of the "Economic Outlook 2023-2028". It describes the international context and the outlook for Belgian economic growth, inflation, energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, the labour market and public finances. The Outlook is based on information available on 6 June 2023.
Forecasts & Outlook - Economic outlook 2023-2028 (June) (fr), (fr), (nl), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - Economic outlook 2023-2028 (Feb.) (fr), (nl),
The European Commission released on 9 November 2022 a proposal to reform the framework for Member States' fiscal surveillance. The proposed new framework is based on risks to debt sustainability. For Belgium, which is highly exposed to these risks, it would imply a rapid and large-scale fiscal consolidation, and would be no less stringent than the fiscal rules previously in force and suspended since Covid-19. The proposal has not yet been adopted and still needs to be negotiated with the Member States.
Reports - REP_12769 (fr),
Articles - Article 013 (fr), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - FORHERMREG_2022 (fr), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - Economic outlook 2022-2027 (June) (fr), (fr), (mix), (mix), (mix), (nl), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - Economic outlook 2022-2027 (Feb.) (fr), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - OPHERMREG_2021 (fr), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - Economic outlook 2021-2026 (June.) (fr), (nl),
The debate on the affordability of pensions is mostly limited to legal pensions while thus far, the affordability of supplementary pensions has hardly received any attention. Nevertheless, an increase in these pensions also affects public finances considering the lower government revenues that result from the various tax incentives used to promote supplementary pension saving. In this report we calculate the total impact of tax incentives for second pillar pensions on Belgian public finances.
Working Papers - Working Paper 03-21 (nl),
The National Recovery and Resilience Plan details the use of the €5.925 billion allocated under the Recovery and Resilience Facility. The major part (88%) of the Belgian plan is directly intended to increase the capital stock of the Belgian economy through public investment and aid to private investment. In the short term, at the peak of the plan's stimulus effect, economic activity would be 0.2% higher than in the non-plan scenario. Although the stimulus is temporary, it has long-term effects due to the increase in the public capital stock and the support for R&D activities that improve the profitability of the capital stock of firms and encourage its accumulation. By 2040, GDP is still projected to be 0.1% above non-plan growth path. This estimate does not take into account the reform component of the plan, nor the broader recovery, investment and reform plans announced by the Regions and the federal government, nor the effect of foreign plans on the Belgian economy.
Reports - REP 12401 (en), (fr), (nl),
Reports - REP_12361 (fr), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - Economic outlook 2021-2026 (Feb.) (fr), (nl),
Articles - Article 007
Forecasts & Outlook - Economic outlook 2020-2025 / Sept. 2020 (fr), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - FOR_SHORTTERM2021_12218 (fr), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - OPHERMREG12182 (fr), (nl),
Reports - REP_12178 (fr), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - Economic outlook 2020-2025 (fr), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - Economic outlook 2020-2025 - 2 (March) (fr), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - Economic outlook 2020-2025 (March) (fr), (nl),
Forecasts & Outlook - Economic outlook 2020 (Feb.) (fr), (nl),