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The FPB’s studies cover 11 main themes: Energy, Environmental economic accounts and analyses, International economy, Labour market, Macroeconomic forecasts and analyses, Public finances, Sectoral accounts and analyses, Social protection, demography and prospective studies, Structural studies, Sustainable development, Transport.

Social protection, demography and prospective studies

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Belgium’s ageing population stabilises as from 2040 due to the gradual phasing out of the baby boom effect [22/02/2018]

The Federal Planning Bureau publishes its 2017-2070 demographic projections for Belgium. This exercise notably reveals the impact of the disappearance of the baby boom generation, as well as certain regional differences.

Modelling unobserved heterogeneity in distribution : finite mixture models of the Johnson family of distributions [30/11/2017]

This paper proposes a new model to account for unobserved heterogeneity in empirical modelling. The model extends the well-known Finite Mixture (or Latent Class) Model by using the Johnson family of distributions for the component densities. Due to the great variety of distributional shapes that can be assumed by the Johnson family, the method does not impose the usual a priori assumptions regarding the type of densities that are mixed.

The forecasts for the Belgian economy are characterised by modest growth, steady job creation and persistent public deficits [20/06/2017]

The Federal Planning Bureau’s Economic Outlook makes it possible to outline a future ‘at unchanged policy’ of the Belgian economy for the next five years. The 2017-2022 Outlook takes into account a modest economic recovery in the euro area and is characterised by economic policy measures at the Belgian level that lead to more labour-intensive growth.

Regularization of study periods in the wage earners’ scheme – An analysis of typical cases [12/05/2017]

This Working Paper examines for which persons it is profitable to regularise study periods and how many study periods would be regularised in the employees' scheme. This analysis of typical cases takes into account different income levels, different payment periods of the regularisation contribution, the number of actual career years and the number of regularised study periods.

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The Federal Planning Bureau regularly draws up short-, medium- and long-term projections of social expenditure, in particular in the field of pensions and healthcare, within the overall framework of public finances (see “Financial evolution of social protection”).  It also studies the redistributive effects of pension and social assistance schemes for the elderly (see “Income distribution and poverty”). These projections are based in particular on the population projections that are also drawn up by the FPB (see “Demography”).

Since 2002, the financial and social impact of ageing has been presented in the annual report of the Study Committee on Ageing (see “Study Committee on Ageing”). At the European level, the FPB takes an active part in the Working Group on Ageing Populations and Sustainability (AWG) (see “Ageing Working Group”) set up by the Economic Policy Committee of the European Council (ecofin). Every three years, starting in 2003, this working group draws up a report on the long-term projections of social expenditure for all EU Member States.

The know-how of the Federal Planning Bureau also covers the study of the financial and social impact of social and economic policy measures or proposals for measures. In this capacity, it is part of the Knowledge Centre on Pensions (see “Knowledge Centre on Pensions”), set up in 2015 in order to provide technical assistance to the Academic Council, the National Pension Committee and the ministers in charge of pensions.

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